Eric Schwennesen



April, 2002: CHIEF TECHNICAL ADVISOR, RMSN, NOVIB, Horn of Africa Bureau, The Hague, The Netherlands: Provide guidance to the annual meeting, team structure, and evaluation mission; provide field support to the teams, particularly those in the embattled south of SOMALIA, and advise NOVIB on support strategy to the evoloving RMSN program.

February, 2002: CHIEF TECHNICAL ADVISOR, PPPOA, (World Bank), Ouagadougou, BURKINA FASO. Organiser, advisor and delegate to the seventh (final) regional conference of the PPPOA.

March, 2001: CHIEF TECHNICAL ADVISOR, RMSN, NOVIB, Horn of Africa Bureau, The Hague, The Netherlands. Review the extent of progress and assess future needs of each of fifteen natural resource management field teams, covering the Haud region grazing lands of ETHIOPIA, the recently reorganized grazing practices of Muduq region of SOMALIA, and all of the ongoing field work of the teams in PUNTLAND and SOMALILAND, including the work of the marine resources team based at Bosaso. Further, conducted a primary-training seminar for newly-involved technicians in the disputed region of Wardheer between Puntland and Ethiopia.

February, 2001: DELEGATE, International Conference on Conflict Resolution of Natural Resource Issues, Dinder National Park, SUDAN.(Principal sponsors NOVIB and Sudanese Environmental Conservation Society [SECS]). Presented a discussion of current natural resource management conventional and unconventional approaches to the plenary session.

October, 2000: CHIEF TECHNICAL ADVISOR, RMSN, NOVIB, Horn of Africa Bureau, The Hague, The Netherlands. Support mission to natural resource management field teams in region 5, ETHIOPIA; Mogadishu region (Upper and Middle Shabelle),SOMALIA; and support Horn-wide technical conference of all field teams in Hargheisa, SOMALILAND.

September, 2000: CHIEF TECHNICAL ADVISOR, PPPOA, World Bank, West Africa Region office. Advanced technical training and support to the established project site at Diafouna, Haute GUINEE. Evaluation of staff and ongoing training, evaluation and support of field works and activities.

October-December, 1999: CHIEF TECHNICAL ADVISOR, PPPOA, World Bank, West Africa Region office. GUINEE, CHAD, BURKINA FASO, SENEGAL. Advanced organizational training for the Guinee technical team and field staff, and technical support for initial phase of the project. Review of progress in Burkina Faso and coordination with midterm evaluation mission in Chad and Senegal.

September, 1999: CHIEF TECHNICAL ADVISOR, Hope for the Horn, Addis Ababa, ETHIOPIA. Expansion of training in resource management to selected technical teams in Negelle, Oromya, Shinelle, Jigjiga.

April/May, 1999: CHIEF TECHNICAL ADVISOR, PPPOA, World Bank West Africa Region office. GUINEE/CHAD/MALI; evaluator and advisor to the Direction National de l’Elevage (DNE) of Guinee; supervised ongoing activity in Chad and Mali.

October/November, 1998: RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM ADVISOR, World Bank regional office, Abidjan, COTE D’IVOIRE: review and proposal of coordinated efforts with the independently-funded GEPRENAF, Banfora, BURKINA FASO.

May/June 1998: RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM ADVISOR, Hope for the Horn, Addis Ababa, ETHIOPIA: training of technical teams in the analytical process and field implementation of principle-based resource management.

November, 1997: RESOURCE MANAGEMENT ADVISOR, World Bank, North Africa / Middle East Sector Group, Tunis, TUNISIA: evaluator and advisor to a World Bank-funded national Natural Resource Management Project, to review approach prior to startup of project.

October, 1997: PROGRAM ADVISOR, World Bank, PPPOA field programs, CHAD and NIGER. Followup and program assessment missions to these countries’ participation in the region-wide Perimetres Pastorales Pilotes Ouest-Africaines (PPPOA).

September 1997: CHIEF TRAINER, Resource Management Somalia Network, Somaliland (Somalia). Practical field and principle-based training to technical staff attached to the RMSN, sponsored by NOVIB, The Hague, the Netherlands.

July/August, 1997: PROGRAM ADVISOR, World Bank, PPPOA field programs, Senegal, Mali. Followup and program assessment missions for the regional PPPOA program.

May 1997: CHIEF TRAINER, PROGRAM ASSESSOR, Buraan, Somalia and Region 5, Ethiopia. Second-phase technical training for resource managers; in Ethiopia performed a requested assessment of resource management potentials in Region 5.

April 1997: COORDINATOR, Regional Conference of West Africa Pilot Program, Tahoua, Niger; also advisor for regional planning sub-conference.

November/December 1996: NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT SPECIALIST, Buraan, Somalia. Initiated a review and principle-based training program for field technicians and policymakers, aimed at stabilizing degrading resources in the absence of a national Somali government.

November 1996: PROGRAM ASSESSOR, MONITORING SPECIALIST, Natural Resource Improvement Project, N’Djamena, Chad and Tanatahamou, Niger.

April 1995: RESOURCE MANAGEMENT ADVISOR, World Bank, N’Djamena, Chad. Instructor/facilitator for Sahelian regional conference on land resource management. Participants from Guinee, Burkina Faso, Senegal, Niger, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, as well as regional donors.

February/March 1995: RESOURCE MANAGEMENT SPECIALIST, FIRA, Banco de Mexico, Cananea, Agua Prieta, Mexico. Trainer for three intensive courses in natural resource management.

February/May/October 1994: RESOURCE MANAGEMENT ADVISOR, World Bank, Chad, Mali, Mauritania. Assessment and development of analytical management approach to reverse the degradation trend in the Sahel.

August 1994: RANGE ECOLOGIST, Social Forestry Project Malakand/Dir, Swat, NWFP, Pakistan. Range management program followup; training of new staff in resource management concepts and applications.

January/June/October 1994: RESOURCE MANAGEMENT SPECIALIST, Fondo de Garantia y Fomento para la Agricultura, Ganaderia, y Avicultura y Fideicomisos Agricolas (FIRA), Banco de Mexico, Moctezuma, Guanajuato, Queretaro, Nuevo Casas Grandes, Mexico.

March 1994: RANGE ECOLOGIST, Siran Forstry Project (GTZ), Abbotabad, NWFP, Pakistan. Evaluation of range and livestock competition and potential interactions for the first phase of the project.

September/October 1993: RANGE ECOLOGIST, Social Forestry Project Malakand/Dir, Swat, NWFP, Pakistan. Range management program assessment, advisory and backstopping of new program direction. Advised and contributed to Village Land-Use Planning matrix, particularly in monitoring and planning formats.

September 1993: RESOURCE MANAGEMENT SPECIALIST, FIRA, Banco de Mexico. Week-long intensive training course for ranchers and bank officials.

November 1992: RANGE ECOLOGIST, Social Forestry Project Malakand/Dir, Swat, NWFP, Pakistan. Project review and assessment of the long-term Dutch-funded social forestry approach. Examined the project’s range management effort and clarified and re-wrote the program to address improvement and sustainability considerations. Project has agreed with recommendations and has consequently restructured the program.

May 1991-May 1992: SENIOR FORESTRY ADVISOR (Extension), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (UNFAO), Mirpur, Azad Kashmir. Special assignment from the University of Arizona to establish an effective forestry watershed extension component for the FAO’s Suketar Watershed Management Project. Locally-based village advisory committees were established and a clearly-defined extension program set in motion to motivate watershed residents to actively participate in land management.

April/May 1991: LIVESTOCK / RANGE MANAGEMENT SPECIALIST, Knowledge and Effective Application of Policies for Environmental Management (KEAPEM), Antananarivo, Madagascar. An assessment of the current range/livestock situation in Madagascar with regard to present and future natural resource management potentials. Established direction and priorities for USAID programs in natural resource management support.

January 1987-February 1994: EXTENSION RANGE, NATURAL RESOURCE AND LIVESTOCK AGENT, University of Arizona. Initially surveyed the trends and needs of southeastern Arizona, specifically Cochise County, an area of 4,036,000 acres with a strong traditional livestock production history. Designed preliminary and long-term plans focused on the reversal of rangeland degradation and the establishment of biological stability. These plans further included increased profitability and stability to livestock producers on the land. Of the 311 ranching operations identified at arrival, 12 were committed to intensive range improvement; by 1994 there were 156 actively working to improve their land. The Extension long-term goal of the region is to reduce soil erosion to absolute minimum and to increase perennial grass density by 100%. Introduced and pioneered the use of the Rice Pelvimeter for beef herd replacement selection, and expanded training in its use to audiences in most western states including Hawaii. Active livestock production programs included heavy metal and plant phytotoxicities, economic analysis of beef production from rangeland, and evaluation of parasite control. Land-use optimization through intensive resource management has become a major Extension program effort.

May-July 1989: RANGE MANAGEMENT SPECIALIST, Phase I, Upper Senegal River Master Plan, Organisation pour la Mise en Valeur du Fleuve Senegal (OMVS), Dakar, Senegal. A comprehensive situation assessment of the soil, vegetation, game, livestock and human requirements of the range resources of the Senegal River Basin of Senegal, Mauritania and Mali. Recommendations were developed in concert with livestock and forestry concerns, to produce fully integral plans for the region.

October 1981-May 1985: TRAINING/INFORMATION SPECIALIST, Land Conservation and Range Development Project, Lesotho, Africa. Designed training plans for counterparts and technical staff in both Range and Conservation Divisions of the Ministry of Agriculture. Trained in-country technicians in photogrammetry and vegetation type delineation; taught range management core curriculum at Lesotho Agricultural College including mapping and field monitoring, plant identification, production/utilization, condition and trend. Subsequently conducted field training for range technicians including use of dot grid, reading topographic maps, field inventory techniques, transect reading. Participated in the planning and execution of the resource inventory air photo mission (1:20,000), coordinated soil conservation efforts with Forestry, Range, Extension and other Divisions.

January 1980-July 1981: RESEARCH ASSISTANT, University of Arizona, Dept. of Animal Science. Supervised students during a series of feed trials investigating aflatoxin toxicology and DDT/DDE metabolism.

January 1977-January 1980: AGRICULTURE EXTENSION AGENT, University of Arizona, Tuba City, Western Navajo Agency. Responsible for planning and carrying out successful programs and workshops in all areas of arid land utilization: range management, cattle, sheep , goat and horse husbandry, water and farmland development, livestock breed improvement; disease and vaccination programs.

February 1976-December 1976: ASSISTANT RANCH MANAGER, Moorman Ranch, Ely, Nevada. Involved with all phases of commercial and purebred cattle production on the 250,000 acre ranch; supervised work of other cowhands; integrated the production plan with the management considerations of the U.S. Forest service and Bureau of Land Management in range analysis and improvement.



    1.Utilization of Black Mesa Coal Mine Spoils; Progressive Agric.In Arizona, 1980
    2.Planting Deciduous Fruit Trees; Cons. Div. Tech. Bull., Min. of Agriculture, Government of Lesotho, 1983
    3.Drought!; Range Div. Tech. Bulletin, MOA, GOL, 1985
    4.What is Range?; Range Div. Tech. Bulletin, MOA, GOL, 1985
    5.What is Range Management?; Range Div. Tech. Bulletin, MOA, GOL, 1985
    6.Proper Use of Range; Range Div. Tech. Bulletin, MOA, GOL, 1985
    7.Evaluating Rangelands; Range Div. Tech. Bulletin, MOA, GOL, 1985
    8.Holistic Resource Management; Trogon News, Audobon Society, 1987
    9.Range Cow Nutrition Management Evaluator; Univ. of Arizona, 1989
    10.Arizona Livestock Handbook (contrib..); Univ.of Arizona, 1990
    11.Guidelines for Extension Workers; SWMP, Kashmir; UNDP/FAO, 1992
    12.Range Management Program Assessment, SFPMD, NWFP, Pakistan, 1992
    13.Basic Concepts of Range Management and Implications for Malakand Division (contrib..); SFPMD, NWFP, Pakistan, 1994
    14.Policy: Range Management to Natural Resource Management; a Social Forestry approach; SFPMD, NWFP, Pakistan, 1995
    15.(Co-author), “Implementation of a Social Forestry Approach for Natural Resource Management”; Second International Conference on Desertification, Tucson, Arizona, USA; May, 1997
    16.(Co-author), “Some Results of a Holistic Management Program: the West Africa Pilot Pastoral Perimeters”; International Rangeland Congress, Townsville, Australia; July, 1999